Pediatric Dentistry

A child's first visit to the dentist should be enjoyable. Children are not born with a natural fear of the dentist, but they can fear the unknown. Our office makes a special effort to use pleasant, non-frightening, simple words to describe each treatment. We want you and your child to feel at ease from the moment your family arrives at our office. The more you and your child know about the first visit, the better you will feel.

The Canadian Academy of Pediatric Dentistry recommends...

 

To help prevent or reduce early childhood caries, they recommend that parents or caregivers bring their child to the dentist by their first birthday or within 6 months of the first tooth eruption.  A first visit by age one allows the dentist to diagnose and prevent dental decay at early stage, and provides an opportunity to educate parents and caregivers about what they can do to protect their child's teeth through healthy eating habits, cleaning at home and regular visits to the dentist.                  

Getting to know your teeth is fun!

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When New Teeth Arrive

Your child's first primary or baby teeth will begin to erupt between the ages of six and 12 months, and will continue to erupt until about age three. During this time, your child's gums may feel tender and sore. To help alleviate this discomfort, we recommend that you soothe the gums by rubbing a clean finger or a cool, wet cloth across them. You may also choose to make use of a teething ring. When your child has finished teething, you can expect a total of 20 primary teeth.

Your child's primary teeth are shed at various times throughout childhood. Permanent teeth begin erupting at age six, and continue until age 21. Adults have 28 permanent teeth (32, including wisdom teeth).

Adopting Healthy Oral Hygiene Habits

As your child's teeth erupt, be sure to examine them every two weeks, looking for lines and discoloration that may be caused by decay. Remember that sugary foods and liquids can attack a new tooth, so take care that your child brushes after feeding or eating. We recommend brushing four times a day for optimal oral hygiene: after breakfast, after lunch, after dinner, and at bedtime.

Brushing can be fun, and your child should brush as soon as the first tooth arrives. When a baby's tooth erupts, parents should brush the tooth with a soft-bristled toothbrush and a pea-sized amount of toothpaste. For children younger than two, do not use fluoride toothpaste unless advised to do so by your dentist or other healthcare professional. We suggest reviewing proper tooth brushing procedures with your child.

Flossing is also a part of good oral hygiene habits, and your doctor will discuss with you the right time to start flossing. If you notice signs of decay, contact your dentist immediately.

Preventing Tooth Decay with Regular Checkups

Tooth decay is caused by sugars left in your mouth that turn into an acid, which can break down your teeth. Children are at high risk for tooth decay for a simple reason: many children and adolescents do not practice regular, good oral hygiene habits. Proper brushing and flossing routines combined with regular dental visits help keep tooth decay away.

Your child should visit the dentist every six months for regular dental cleanings and checkups. We recommend fluoride treatments twice a year along with cleanings to keep teeth their strongest. Tooth sealants are also recommended because they "seal" the deep grooves in your child's teeth, preventing decay from forming in these hard-to-reach areas. Sealants last for several years, but will be monitored at your child's regular checkups.

Thumbsucking and Pacifier Use

Thumbsucking is a natural reflex for children.  Sucking on thumbs, fingers, pacifiers or other objects may make babies feel secure and happy and help them learn about their world.   Young children may also suck to sooth themselves and help them fall asleep. 

How Can Thumbsucking Affect My Childs Teeth? 

After permanent teeth come in, sucking may cause problems with the proper growth of the mouth and alignment of the teeth.  It can also cause changes in the roof of the mouth.  Pacifiers can affect the teeth essentially the same ways as sucking fingers and thumbs, but it is often an easier habit to break.   The intensity of the sucking is a factor that determines whether or not dental problems may result.  If children rest their thumbs passively in their mouths, they are less likely to have difficulty than those who vigorously suck their thumbs.  Some aggressive thumb suckers may develop problems with their baby (primary) teeth. 

When do Children Stop Sucking Their Thumbs?

Children usually stop sucking between the ages of two and four years old, or by the time the permanent front teeth are ready to erupt.  If you notice changes in your child's primary teeth, or are concerned about your child's thumbsucking consult your dentist.

How Can I Help My Child Stop Thumbsucking?

  • Praise your child for not Thumbsucking
  • Children often suck their thumbs when feeling insecure or needing comfort.  Focus on correcting the cause of the anxiety and provide comfort to your child.  
  • For an older child, involve him or her in choosing the method of stopping.
  • Your dentist can offer encouragement to your child and explain what could happen to their teeth if they do not stop sucking. 
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